It is very frustrating when you want to start a family and could not get pregnant, especially if you’ve tried the traditional methods to maximize your chances, like having frequent intercourse during your fertile window, or tracking your temperature every morning, and using tools like ovulation tracker apps and predictor kits.
Each infertility story is exclusive, and no one-size-fits-all solution exists. When it involves helping women and couples run through their infertility grief.
According to ASRM, about 85 to 90 percent of couples with infertility are treated with conventional treatment (medication or surgery). Other than a few patients, “in vitro fertilization” and similar medicines account for fewer than 3 percent of infertility services. The best treatment for you’ll largely depend upon the explanation for infertility.
Keep reading to get more information about common male infertility treatments and feminine infertility treatments. We also break down the benefits and drawbacks of every method, success rates, estimated costs, how they work, and more.
One or more things may contribute to infertility. The major conditions include:
⦁ Fallopian tube Damage
This condition in women is because blocked or damaged fallopian tubes prevent sperm from reaching the egg is a frequent reason for infertility, especially among African Americans. A history of pelvic infection, sexually transmitted disease of any kind, or endometriosis hormonal increases your risk for Fallopian tube destruction.
. Irregular uterine shape
A misshaped uterus can make it difficult for an embryo to connect to the uterine wall. Abnormalities are often caused by uterine fibroids (noncancerous growths on the uterine wall) or connective tissue from surgery or infection. It could even be the way your uterus is formed.
. Ovulation disorder
Sometimes women don’t ovulate regularly and consistently. Sporadic menstrual cycles are often caused by polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), hormonal imbalances, or obesity. Ovulation also can be impacted by excessive exercise, stress, or weight loss.
. Male factor
In more than thirty percent of infertility cases, there’s a drag with sperm like low sperm count or abnormal sperm movement or shape. Male factor infertility is typically due to various reasons, including trauma, medical conditions like diabetes, and unhealthy habits like heavy drinking and smoking.
It’s normal to feel scared when you’re trying to get pregnant. But whether or not stress impacts fertility in men or women can be debated. What we know is that managing stress is sweet for you, regardless of what life stage you’re in.
Did you hear the popular sentence that “your time is almost over”? This sentence refers to a woman’s fertile window. Women usually can’t conceive after their menstrual cycles stop, usually sometime in their forties or fifties. Women are born with a group number of eggs that decreases as they age.
At birth, a woman’s got about two million eggs. But naturally lose many thousands of them by the time girls reach puberty. A woman’s body continues to lose eggs regardless of what they are doing. And therefore the rate at which women lose eggs accelerates around the age of 37.
The quality of eggs stored within the ovaries also declines over time. The eggs a woman is born with are naturally paused within the method of dividing their DNA. They complete that process, once a woman ovulates 20 to 40 years later.
The longer eggs are stuck within the mid-division stage, the more likely that process will fail — creating eggs with the incorrect number of chromosomes. These unfortunate happenings in not becoming pregnant, experiencing miscarriages, or having babies with genetic syndromes can be a result of chromosomal abnormalities.
The bottom line is that the standard and number of eggs a lady has decreased throughout her lifetime, and egg loss accelerates around the age of 37, making it harder to become pregnant.
Infertility treatment Methods
Depending on the results of your evaluation, there are several treatment Methods:
⦁ Fertility Drugs
Fertility drugs are usually injected or taken in pill form. Fertility drugs release hormones that increase the ovulation rate to increase egg production in the ovary and make the uterus more receptive to embryo implantation and increase the chance of pregnancy.
These drugs are often used as a female infertility treatment for ladies who don’t ovulate regularly or have partnered with inferior sperm quality. Some men can also be prescribed fertility drugs. Note that folks should avoid fertility drugs if they need damaging or blocked fallopian tubes or scarring from endometriosis (these conditions usually require IVF).
Success rates vary in this method. Forty to Forty-five percent of women who take the pills and ovulate might get pregnant. As many as 50 percent of girls who ovulate as a result of the shots get pregnant.
Fertility drugs are typically the first choice of infertility treatment thanks to their low cost and relative convenience. But its symptoms are headaches and dizziness. Its side effects are worse with the shots. They include the risk of multiple births, premature delivery, and substantial ovarian cysts.
The cost of fertility drugs usually starts from $60 to $6,000 per cycle, counting on whether the drug may be a pill or an injection. Other tests may increase expenses also.
Intrauterine Insemination (IUI)
In the intrauterine insemination (IUI) method to conceive, specially prepared sperm is inserted directly into the uterus through a thin, flexible catheter. If you select this method, your doctor might recommend that you take fertility drugs to extend the probabilities of fertilization. IUI is usually used when men have slow-moving sperm, lower-quality sperm, or a sperm count. IUI also can be completed with donor sperm.
It depends on maternal age and, therefore, the quality of sperm. Generally, there is a 5 to twenty percent chance of conception per cycle, together with your options increasing each cycle and the cost for IUI is usually $300-1000.
Simple procedures are often performed during a doctor’s office. But IUI may result in multiple births (twins, triplets, etc.).
In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)
In vitro fertilization (IVF) is a multi-step process in which your eggs are extracted and fertilized with sperm in a lab. The embryos which have been fertilized by sperm are introduced into the women’s uterus in hopes of a pregnancy.
IVF is usually a female infertility treatment for older women, also those with blocked or severely damaged fallopian tubes or scarring from endometriosis. Doctors will even use it if the person has inferior sperm quality. Couples with unexplained infertility can also address IVF.
The success of IVF heavily depends on age. If the lady is under 35 years old, most estimates say 40 to 50 percent of IVF cycles will end in pregnancy and it usually costs $11000-12000. Success rates decrease because maternal age goes up.
Reproductive surgery can correct anatomical abnormalities, remove scarring from conditions like endometriosis, and clear blockages in either the person or the lady. While it sometimes requires a hospital, some surgeries are often performed on an outpatient basis. There is a 35-40% chance that this surgery will end up in pregnancy and this procedure usually costs around $10000-15000.
Couples experiencing male factor infertility could be unable to get pregnant with IUI or IVF. In some cases, they address donor sperm, which comes from a person aside from the intended father. Men carrying genetic disorders can also choose donor sperm to don’t pass the infection to their children. It is also commonly employed by single women and same-sex couples. The success rate for pregnancy is very high. It has 70-80% with a cost of $200-300.
Donor eggs are obtained from the ovaries of other women. They’re usually fertilized by sperm from the recipient’s partner, and resulting embryos are transferred into the recipient’s uterus. Couples typically choose donor eggs for the following reasons: the woman’s ovaries are damaged or prematurely failing, she has undergone chemotherapy or radiation, she carries genetic disorders that she doesn’t want to pass along, or she’s an older woman with poor egg quality. This procedure has a 50% success rate for pregnancy and it costs around $20,000-30,000.
Some couples undergoing IVF become pregnant and do not need unused fertilized eggs. They will donate these embryos to other infertile couples; this is often called embryo adoption. This procedure has a success rate of 35-40% and it costs around $10000-50000.
With this infertility treatment method, one woman (called a surrogate) carries a baby for somebody. The surrogate mother gets pregnant by IUI, using the father’s sperm, or through IVF with the couple’s embryo.
Surrogacy is best for ladies who can’t carry a baby due to any disease, hysterectomy, or infertility. Surrogacy has a 95% success rate and it costs around $50k-100k.
Gamete Intrafallopian Transfer (GIFT)
With intrafallopian gamete transfer (GIFT), eggs are collected, mixed with sperm during a Petri dish, and then placed directly inside the Fallopian tube where fertilization can occur. Couples may choose GIFT if the lady has a minimum of one functioning Fallopian tube or the person features a low sperm count or sperm with poor motility. It is also an alternative for couples with an ethical or religious objection to IVF (or fertilization that takes place outside of the woman’s body) and those with unexplained infertility. GIFT has a 30-40% success rate and it usually costs around $100k.
Zygote Intrafallopian Transfer (ZIFT)
Zygote intrafallopian transfer (ZIFT) is equivalent to IVF because doctors in the lab fertilize the eggs outside of the woman’s uterus and then introduce them into fallopian tubes. ZIFT is typically used when the couple has unexplained infertility—or when the person features a low sperm count, the lady has a minimum of one tube open, or there are ovulation problems. This procedure has 30-40% success rate with a cost of around $150k.
Motherhood is a blessing and a true miracle of nature and becoming a parent is the best feeling in the world. But some people are not given this blessing so there are some ways they can get this happiness. I hope this will educate people who are worried about infertility and give them a message that there is always hope for them.